The religious routes in this chapter are primarily coffin roads that people used to transport their dead from where they lived (and were displayed prior to the funeral) to where they were to be buried and pilgrimage routes where people took a sabbatical from life to visit a holy shrine. Both of these practices are rites of passage, the former primarily for the dead person and the latter for the living participant. Both start with rites of separation where the participants undergo rituals to separate themselves from normal life and end with rites of incorporation where ritual acts are performed to mark the end of the rite of passage the re-entering of the participants into normal life. The part in between is known as the rite of transition, which is typically described as a liminal state where the normal rules of life don’t apply and anything can happen.
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